Garage door openers come in different horsepower ratings for various garage door sizes. You must match your garage door size with the correct opener horsepower to get the most out of it. For instance, buying an opener with less power than your garage door can result in too much strain on the motor, leading to quicker wear and tear.
Going for too much power is just as wasteful since it means spending money on unnecessary additional horsepower.
So the challenge is to find that sweet spot by matching the horsepower rating with the door size. For example, if you are having a 2-car garage door, the first question you will be asking yourself is; how much horsepower do I need for a 2-car garage door?
Let’s dive into learning what horsepower will be appropriate for the different door sizes.
How much horsepower do I need for a 2-car garage door?
A standard two-car garage door made of lightweight material should do with a ½ -horsepower opener. While this power is sufficient, the opener motor will experience some strain over time, so you may consider a ¾ horsepower opener for better efficiency.
However, a more powerful ¾ horsepower or higher will be required for a wooden or insulated two-car door. Wooden or insulated garage doors are heavier and require additional lifting power to operate.
½ horsepower garage door openers are commonly used to operate single-car residential doors measuring 8 to 9 feet wide by 7 to 8 feet tall. These motor units are also typically used to operate lightweight dual-car doors made of aluminum or steel.
These sectional two-car doors typically measure 16 feet wide by 7 to 8 feet tall.
For oversize garage doors measuring more than 16 feet wide, even greater horsepower is required. For such doors, you may need 1 horsepower or higher to raise and lower the door comfortably with minimal strain on the motor.
Adding insulation or windows to a garage door increases the weight, necessitating additional horsepower on the opener. The higher the horsepower rating, the easier it is for the opener to operate your two-car door with less effort and minimal strain on the motor.
Eventually, the reduced strain translates to minimal wear and tear. Therefore, your opener can experience fewer breakdowns and last longer.
Similarly, wooden garage doors tend to be heavy, requiring a ¾ horsepower opener for both single and dual-car garages. If the garage has a carriage door, it should always get a 1 horsepower opener or higher.
Garage door weight to opener horsepower ratio
A heavy garage door requires a powerful opener as a rule of thumb. So the heavier or larger the garage door, the more horsepower it should get.
For a two-car garage door, consider a ¾ horsepower or higher if it is made of thick steel or wood or is insulated.
Additionally, consider the door size. Standard lightweight 16 by 7 door should work well with a ½ horsepower opener. If it is larger, it will likely be heavier too, so go instead for a ¾ horsepower unit or higher.
Standard opener horsepower ratings for garage doors
Garage door openers are typically rated from 1/3 horsepower to 1 ½ horsepower. However, 1/3 horsepower openers are rare, with ½ horsepower models being the standard lower limit in residential applications.
¾ horsepower models are a standard option for two-car residential garages, with over 1 horsepower openers being the rarest.
Here is a detailed breakdown of the various horsepower ratings available for residential garage door openers.
1/3 horsepower opener
This is the smallest and least powerful opener model designed for one-car garages. Since it is the least powerful option, it can only work with traditional lightweight aluminum or steel garage doors.
Such doors require little lifting power to operate, allowing the 1/3 horsepower opener to raise and lower them.
However, this garage door opener also has a shorter service life, making it the least preferred option in residential applications.
While higher horsepower openers cost more to buy, they are more cost-effective since they last longer and can operate garage doors with little wear on the motor. They also experience less frequent breakdowns, translating to minimum maintenance.
½ horsepower opener
This is a popular opener size for single and dual-car garages. It wields enough power to operate lightweight steel and aluminum garage doors with little wear and tear on the motor.
The ½ horsepower opener should work well for any sectional two-car garage door made of lightweight steel or aluminum.
Compared to 1/3 horsepower openers, the ½ horsepower models are far more durable and can give you a better bang for your buck. Modern models also have many handy improvements to make your home more secure and safer.
More importantly, ensure the garage door is properly balanced for this opener to last.
¾ horsepower opener
A ½ horsepower opener won’t cut for heavier two-car garage doors. While the opener will likely raise and lower the door, the weight will put too much strain on the motor, leading to additional wear and tear and a much-reduced lifespan.
So, you are better off with a ¾ horsepower model if you have a heavier two-car garage door. For instance, an insulated or wooden dual-car garage door will likely be too heavy for a ½ horsepower opener.
Additionally, you will want a ¾ horsepower opener if your two-car door is made of thick steel or has windows. Or, you will want to go for this opener if you use your garage door frequently.
The ¾ horsepower models are highly efficient and operate much faster than their ½ horsepower cousins. So you will pay more to acquire this opener but will save more in the long run, thanks to its operational efficiency.
1 and 1 ½ horsepower garage door openers
1 horsepower openers and higher are rarely used on residential garage doors. Instead, they are more common in commercial settings.
These opener models have great lifting power and cost more than all the lower horsepower models. They also boast the best operation speeds, lifting capacity, and efficiency.
While you can use any of these to operate your two-car garage door, they can be a waste of additional horsepower at an added cost. ¾ horsepower openers typically provide enough lifting power for any residential garage door.
However, the extra weight may take a toll on a smaller opener if you have an oversized door. In such cases, a 1 or 1½ horsepower opener may be ideal.
While the opener will cost more upfront, it will likely operate a heavy, oversized door with little wear on the motor, giving you more years of uninterrupted service. With a longer lifespan, you can be sure to save in the long run.
Can a garage door opener be too powerful?
Yes, garage door openers have varying horsepower ratings that should correspond to garage door sizes and weight.
Using a high-horsepower opener to operate a lightweight door is not recommended. The powerful opener can pull the garage door too high and risk damaging or breaking its components.
So we recommend using the right opener for your door size and weight. Often, you will only need a ½ horsepower for a lightweight two-car garage or ¾ horsepower opener for an insulated or wooden two-car door.
Is horsepower the only important factor?
No, horsepower is just one of the essential factors determining the right garage door opener.
The other determining factors include the garage door material, such as whether it is made of wood, aluminum, or steel.
The door balance is the other critical factor. Ideally, you should be able to lift the door effortlessly with one or two fingers if it is balanced. The garage door springs play a crucial role in determining the balance of your door.
They carry the weight of the door, leaving the opener with only a small amount of work and ensuring the motor can work with minimum strain.
Factors to consider when selecting the right size of garage door opener
When deciding on the right opener size for your garage door, having a detailed shortlist of things to consider can make your work a lot easier.
This section discusses the factors to consider when shopping for an opener. Let’s dive right in.
The garage door material
Different materials weigh differently, so the garage door can be overweight or lightweight depending on what it is made of.
For instance, garage doors made of aluminum tend to be lighter than thick steel and wooden doors.
Wood is typically the heaviest material for garage doors. Steel garage doors can be heavy or light, depending on the thickness. On the other hand, sectional doors made of aluminum are generally lightweight.
Vinyl can be used as insulation for both aluminum and steel doors, increasing their weight significantly. The added weight of the insulation material makes insulated and wooden doors the heaviest.
Your two-car garage door can also feature glass windows, making them heavier than standard steel or aluminum doors.
Garage door size
Larger garage doors are naturally heavier than smaller ones. ½ horsepower openers work well with smaller one-car or two-car doors.
On the other hand, oversized two-car garage doors require more lifting power, making a ¾ horsepower opener more suitable.
One-car garage door sizes
A one-car garage is designed to accommodate a single car at once. They are typically 7 to 8 feet tall and 8 to 9 feet wide. Some homeowners also prefer a wider 10-foot garage door for their one-car garages.
The exact standard one-car door size will differ from community to community, so it’s imperative to check your community standards when deciding your garage door size.
Two-car garage door sizes
As the name suggests, two-car garages are meant to fit two cars simultaneously. The doors are typically 7 to 8 feet tall and 16 feet wide.
A central post or column typically divides two-car garage doors into two bays, each measuring 8 feet wide.
Some homeowners, however, prefer a single, double door instead of two, so they use only one opener instead of two for separate single-door bays.
The thickness of the door
Like the size, the material thickness of your garage door directly influences its weight. For instance, thick steel doors are heavier than standard options.
Insulation also increases the thickness of standard aluminum or steel doors, making them heavier. This directly determines whether you will use a ½ horsepower opener or something more powerful.
Garage door insulation is necessary if you intend to use the garage space for activities other than vehicle storage. Things like entertainment or DIY chores that keep you inside the garage for long hours may necessitate insulation.
Otherwise, a standard uninsulated door should suffice.
The video below provides an illustration on different horsepower you will need for various garage door sizes.
Frequently Asked Questions- FAQs
Q1. How much horsepower do I need for an 8ft garage door?
A garage door that is 8 feet wide should work well with a ½ horsepower opener. However, if it is insulated or made of wood, you may require more lifting power to operate the door. In such a case, you may want to use a ¾ horsepower motor instead.
Q2. What HP do I need for a double garage door opener?
A double garage door requires at least ½ horsepower motor to operate. However, if the door is insulated or made of wood, you will need more lifting power. For instance, a ¾ horsepower opener will raise and lower an insulated double door with less wear and tear on the motor than a ½ horsepower opener.
If the door is exceedingly heavy or oversized, a 1 horsepower opener may be ideal.
How Much Horsepower Do I Need For a 2-Car Garage Door?- Conclusion
You may need a ½ or ¾ horsepower opener for a two-car garage door depending on its exact size, thickness, and material that determine the weight.
You may use a ½ horsepower opener if your two-car door is made from a lightweight material.
However, go for a ¾ horsepower garage door opener if your garage door is insulated, oversized, or made from wood or thick steel.
Following these rules should guarantee a smooth garage door operation and little maintenance. Additionally, ensure you consider the factors discussed in this guide to help you choose the right opener for your garage door.
We hope this material helps you find the right choice of opener for your home. Let us know your thoughts in the comments.